Diabetes can lead to damage of the tiny blood vessels inside the retina. Diabetic retinopathy can lead to visual loss if not treated.
Who is at risk for diabetic Retinopathy?
All people with diabetes.
Every diabetic should have a comprehensive dilated exam once per year. 40-45 percent of Americans with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy.
What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?
Spots floating in your vision
If left untreated it may progress to cause severe visual loss and even blindness
How is it detected?
Comprehensive exam including:
How is diabetic retinopathy treated?
Adequate blood sugar control
Early diabetic retinopathy not affecting the vision may be monitored.
Laser treatment to treat the bleeding/ leaking blood vessels
Injection of medications to relieve some of the abnormality
Surgery to remove the blood in the center of the eye
If you have diabetes you should get a comprehensive eye exam once per year.